On March 2, 1857, Christian Adermann, age 40, married Fredericka Louise Bergemann, age 24, in the Evangelische Kirche in Bietkow, Kries Prenzlau, Brandenburg, Prussia.* Christian was recorded as being “Cabinet maker journeyman in Beitikow.” His father had died prior to the wedding, so his mother signed on her son’s behalf. Fredericka was the daughter of Joachim Bergemann and Sophia Danoff, both of whom were still alive in 1857. Her father signed that she was eligible to get married and that he approved. Rev. Jaeckel presided at the ceremony.
Christian and Fredericka became the parents of Ferdinand Adermann (b. 11 Feb 1859). Christian is presumed to have died sometime in the years 1858 – 1860, because Fredericka married William Adermann in about 1860 as has been estimated by other family records.
*Source: Beitikow Lutheran Church Records. See also Our Family Genealogies.
Captain Thomas Munson, my 9th great grandfather and a founder of the New Haven Colony, lived from 1612 to 1685. He was born in Rattlesden, England and died in New Haven, in what is now the state of Connecticut, USA. In The Munson Record, Vol 1, on page 60, the author closed the chapter on Thomas Munson with a review of contemporary events which happened in our ancestor’s life–events we now consider important historical events. Consider the following events which happened in Thomas Munson’s life.
When Thomas Munson was 4 years old, Shakespere died; when 5 yrs. of age, Lord Bacon became chancellor of England; at 6, Sir Walter Raleigh beheaded, –Thirty Years War (between Romish and Protestant princes of Germany) began; at 7, circulation of the blood discovered by Harvey; at 8, the Pilgrims landed from the Mayflower upon Plymouth Rock; at 11, the settlement of Manhattan island, now the City of New York, was begun; at 13, Charles I became king of England; at 18, the settlement of Boston was commenced; at 20, Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden defeated Wallenstein and was killed at Lutzen; at 23, Hartford began existence; at 25, the Pequot War occurred; at 26, the settlers of New Haven spent their first Sabbath, Apr. 15, worshiping under an oak which stood at the northeast corner of George and College streets, –and Harvard College was founded; at 27, the New Haven Colony adopted a constitution, which T.M. signed; at 28, the Flemish painter Rubens died; at 30, the Italian philosopher Galileo died; at 31, Louis XIV succeeded his father as king of France; at 34, the Apostle Eliot began his labors among the Indians; at 37, Charles I beheaded; at 41, Cromwell became Lord Protector of England; at 45, the Half-way Covenant appeared in New England churches; at 48, Charles II crowned; at 49, Whalley and Goffe arrived in New Haven; at 50, New Haven Colony refused to be united by royal charter with Connecticut Colony; at 53, N.H.C. was united with CC (in May); at 55, Sir Isaac Newton conceived the theory of gravitation, and Jeremy Taylor died; at 63, King Philip’s War broke out; at 64, Milton and the Dutch painter Rembrandt died; at 73, the Spanish painter Murillo died, and James II was crowned.
On the 19th of January, 1982, Hildegarde Boerner died in the town of Sheboygan, in Sheboygan County, Wisconsin, USA. She was 87 years old at the time of her death, having been born on 29 August 1894. Hilda was the second child and oldest daughter of Johann (1861 -1941) and Margarete Boerner (1864 – 1941) of Gaulsheim, Germany. When she was still 17 years old, in 1912, she immigrated to the United States on board the Kroonland. John Boerner had immigrated with his family earlier and then he returned to Gaulsheim to get Hilda so they could marry and live in Wisconsin. My newly-found cousin in Gaulsheim told me they were married on the ship on their way to the USA. I have not found their marriage record yet, but continue to look.
When the young couple arrived in Wisconsin, they lived in the town of Niagara for some years. It was during this time that John’s mother, Catherine, died from a surgeon’s slip of the scalpel, leaving young children still at home. Aunt Hilda graciously stepped in and helped raise the youngest children, including my grandmother Anna Maria. My uncle, Hilda’s nephew, remembers her as a kind, good-natured, gentle woman with a great laugh. She also had learned English but spoke it with a significant German accent. Recently my uncle told me about when she would see her nephews and exclaim, “My! How you boys have crowed!”, commenting on how they had grown. Because of the way she helped raise Martin’s children after Catherine died and because of her kind heart, she was very dear to my grandmother, who thought of her very much like a mother, and to grandma’s sons (my father and uncles).
Their first son, Martin, was born in Niagara on May 1913, just a year after they arrived in Wisconsin. Jacob was born in 1919, Margret in 1921, Elizabeth “Betty” Rose in 1922, and John J. “Johnny” in 1929. In May of 1929, John and Hilda had moved to Kohler, Sheboygan County, Wisconsin, where they were active members of the community and the Roman Catholic Church. One of the tragedies the family suffered was when Elizabeth “Betty” Rose died of leukemia in 1945. Betty had celebrated her 23rd birthday on 24 July, 1945, then was diagnosed with leukemia in early August; she died just three weeks later on 29 August, 1945.
Hildegard lived a good long life and she lived it well. Today we celebrate her adventuresome spirit, her love for her family, and her willingness to serve people joyfully and lovingly.
Today is the remembrance of the marriage of my 6th great grandparents, Agnes Berg and Joannes Baum in the Roman Catholic Church in Liersberg, Rheinland, Prussia on 16 January, 1719. Not much is known about the couple. According to their parish marriage record, Joannes was the son of Petri Baum and Agnes was the daughter of Henrici Berg.
Agnes and Joannes had six known daughters born to them between the years of 1720 and 1738. Maria Anastasiae Baum, their first born and my 5th great grandmother was christened on 10 December 1720. Margaretha (c. 9 March 1724), Anna Gertrudis (c. 23 October 1725), Maria Barbara (c. 24 November 1729), Maria Catharina (c. 22 April 1732), and Veronica Catharina (c. 18 September 1738) finished out the known children in the family. That we know their christening dates (all found on Family Search) suggests the girls may well have been born on that day or just a day or two earlier. In an era of high infant mortality, parents did not usually wait long to have their children baptized.
Their daughter, Maria Anastasiae Baum, married Joannes Barthen who was from Lieser, Germany. She moved to Lieser and their descendents continued living there for several generations. Their great granddaughter, Barbara Clara Barton, who was born in Lieser, Germany and immigrated to the USA as a young woman was written about earlier.
Liersberg, the home of Agnes Berg and Joannes Baum, is on the western border of modern day Germany, very near the French border. It is not a large town, and appears to be surrounded by rich farmland. I have not discovered much about the town, but appreciate its long history and it being the home to so many generations of my ancestors.
My great grandmother, Catharina Storch was born on this day, 12 January 1871 in Gaulsheim, Germany. She was the daughter of Jacobus and Sybilae “Sybil” (Wilhelm) Storch, also of Gaulsheim. Four days later, on 16 January 1871, Catharina was baptized at the Roemish-Katholische Church in Gaulsheim.
According to the 1900 U.S. Census, Catharina married Martin Boerner in about 1888. Their firstborn son, John, was born the next year, in 1889, followed by Jacob in 1891. Son Karl was born in 1894. Martin immigrated to the United States first in 1897 and got established in Niagara, WI before sending for Catharina and their three sons a year and a half later. Karl died when they arrived in the USA but the older two boys joined their parents in Niagara, Wisconsin.
Katharina and Martin had four more children in Niagara: Mary, Martin, Margret, and Anna (my grandmother). Tragically, Katharina died at the young age of 45 when she was in surgery for appendicitis. The surgeon’s scalpel slipped and sliced her liver; she bled to death on the operating table. Anna was 6 years old when her mother died, Catherine was 10, Martin was 12, and Mary was 17. Martin, Sr. never remarried and got help raising the younger children from the older siblings and his daughter-in-law, Hildegard.
Today, 6 Jan 1856, is the birthday* of Minna Grube, the wife of my great uncle. Bartle Boerner. Bartle had immigrated from Gaulsheim, Germany in September of 1884, and moved to Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA. Minna, his future wife, was born in Milwaukee of German immigrant parents, Wilhelm and Caroline (Schurmann) Grube.
Milwaukee was a popular city for German immigrants and the young Bartle apparently met Minna fairly soon after his arrival. The couple married on 14 January, 1886**, just days after her 30th birthday. They had three known children: William Peter (1886 – 1949), Anna (1888 – 1962) and Arthur Fredrick (1895 – 1963).
The first two children, William and Anna, were born in Milwaukee; by the time Arthur was born, the family had moved further north in Wisconsin to the Kaukauna/Appleton area in Outagamie County where Bartle and Minna lived the rest of their lives. Minna died on 12 October, 1945.
Ancestry.com. Wisconsin, Births and Christenings Index, 1826-1908 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011. Original data:
“Wisconsin Births and Christenings, 1826–1926.” Index. FamilySearch, Salt Lake City, Utah, 2009, 2010. Index entries derived from digital copies of original and compiled records.
Ancestry.com. Wisconsin Marriages, pre-1907 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2000. Original data: Wisconsin Department of Health and Family Services. Wisconsin Vital Record Index, pre-1907. Madison, WI, USA: Wisconsin Department of Health and Family Services Vital Records Division.
Elizabeth Sparke, my 10th great grandmother, was born ca. 1575 in Rattlesden, Suffolk, England, the daughter of William and Elizabeth Sparke. At the approximate age of 16, in 1591, she married John Munson (1571 – 1650) in Rattlesden. The couple had four known children: Elizabeth (1595 – 1635), Judith (1606 – 1638), Mary (1609 – 1648), and Thomas (1612 – 1685). Her son, Thomas, immigrated to the New World, and became Captain Thomas Munson of the New Haven Colony.
Elizabeth is thought to have died (or maybe was buried) on 3 January, 1634 having spent her entire life in Rattlesden.
Source: Find A Grave
Today is the birthday of my paternal great grand uncle, Bartholomaus Boerner. I have made brief reference to Bartle (as the family wrote his name) earlier in a post about his younger brother, my great grandfather, Martin Boerner, Sr. The paper mill the brothers worked at in Niagara, WI was the Kimberly-Clark mill, also previously explored. Today’s focus is on Bartle and his family.
Bartholomaus Boerner, his name often written in American records as Barthel or Bartel Borner (the “e” removed), was born on Christmas Eve of 1856 to Adam and Annae Mariae (Janz) Boerner. The family resided in Gaulsheim, Ahunhessen, Germany. He was baptized the next day, Christmas Day, at Roemisch-Katholische Kirche in Gaulsheim.
On September 19, 1884, when he was 27 years old, Bartle arrived in New York City on the ship, Rhynland, which had departed from Antwerp.* Like so many other immigrants, he traveled in steerage on the trip to his new country. He moved to Milwaukee, a popular place for Germans immigrating to the United States.
Fifteen months after he arrived in the States, Barthel married Minna Grube in Milwaukee on January 14, 1886. Minna was a first generation German-American born in Milwaukee to her German immigrant parents, Wilhelm and Caroline (Schurmann) Grube. The young couple lived in Milwaukee where Bartel worked as a packer and a laborer according the City Directories.
The couple’s first son, William Peter, was born on July 30, 1886 and their daughter, Anna, was born into the family on February 9, 1888. The family continued to live in Milwaukee until at least 1893 according to city records. Sometime soon after that they moved to Kaukauna in Outagamie County, WI so Bartel could work in the paper mill. Their youngest son, Arthur Fredrick, was born on May 30, 1895 in Kaukauna.
Two years later, in December of 1897, Bartle’s younger brother, Martin arrived in the United States and joined his brother in Wisconsin. The brothers traveled up to Niagara, WI to work at the mill for a year. Bartle then returned home to his family and Martin brought his family over to join him in Niagara.
According to the City Directory records, when the family moved to Kaukauna, Bartle was listed in the 1897 and 1901 directories as a fireman. In 1908, he worked at Boyds paper mill and in 1910 he was at Brokaw mill. It was also noted that he was an Alderman in 1910 at the age of 54. Bartle died on April 1, 1914 at the age of 57.
*Source: “United States Germans to America Index, 1850-1897,” index, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/KD33-L7Y : accessed 01 Oct 2013), Bart. Borner, 1884.
John L. Blue, my 3rd great grand uncle died on this day in 1895 at the age of 53. John was the son of Robert and Martha (Blue) Blue and the younger brother of my 3rd great grandmother, Elizabeth “Betsy” (Blue) Bates.
John was born in 1842 and married Mary Ellis in Adams County, IL on 24 Oct 1867.* They had seven children: Martha, Margaret, Emma, Edward, John, an Unknown first name, and Lawrence Peter, who was just three years old when his father died tragically in a mill accident.
According to the Illinois State Register of Springfield, IL, (Dec 24, 1895):
John Blue, one of the oldest employes at the rolling mill, met his death there last night about 9:30 o’clock in a most horrible manner, and right before the eyes of a fellow workman, who was unable to render him any assistance. A fellow workman approached Blue carrying molten iron. Blue was standing with his back to the pit in which the large fly wheel whirls at a terrific speed, when, in stepping back to get out of the way, he lost his balance and fell backward. Blue was caught in the wheel and whirled through the air. Coroner Burkhardt was notified immediately and upon arrival took the remains in charge and had them removed to Hemberger’s undertaking establishment.
The man is one of the oldest employes at the mill, having been there for over fourteen years. The accident is made doubly sad from the fact that the man leaves seven children besides his wife, all of whom are dependent upon him for support. He was 53 years of age.
Find a Grave reports that John was buried at Oak Ridge Cemetery in Springfield, Sangamon County, Illinois.
Jordan Dodd and Liahona Research, comp.. Illinois, Marriages, 1851-1900 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2005. Original data: Index compiled from county marriage records on microfilm located at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah by Jordan Dodd of Liahona Research (P.O. Box 740, Orem, Utah 84059). Specific source information is listed with each entry.
This record can be found at the County Court Records, Film # 1845384 -1845385.
Last month I wrote of the Rite of Confirmation of Anna Marie (Boerner) Aderman in the Lutheran Church. Today we remember the Confirmation of Oscar Dearl Aderman at the same church about three years earlier.
Oscar was born in Altamont, Effingham County, Illinois on June 25, 1907 to Carl and Floy (Bates) Aderman. When he was a boy, maybe 8 – 10 years old, his family moved to the Upper Peninsula of Michigan and farmed outside of Daggett. The family lived with poverty and extremely hard work from the time they moved to Michigan. Oscar had to quit school after eighth grade and go to work to help support his parents and younger siblings.
When he was 20 years old, Oscar took the necessary classes to be confirmed in the Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod and become a member in full standing at Holy Cross Evangelical Lutheran Church in Daggett. The Rev. Henry Hopp presided at his Confirmation on December 18, 1927.
A few years later, after he and Ann had married and were living in Niagara, WI, they moved their membership to Mt. Olive Lutheran Church in Iron Mountain, MI where Oscar was a prominent and faithful leader in the congregation.
The Michigan State University Library has an amazing project called Feeding America in which they are finding old American cookbooks and uploading them for us to peruse. These cookbooks, some from the late 18th century, are a great read and tell us something of the life of women in the kitchen throughout our American history.
As we begin another cold and flu season, I offer an excerpt from the Woman Suffrage Cookbook of 1886. The book includes a chapter “Cooking for and Care of Invalids.” The introductory section was written by a woman physician, S. Adelaide Hall, M.D., and brings a clearly feminine touch to the care of those who are sick. Enjoy her insights.
Suggestions in the Care of Invalids
When a tray is prepared for an invalid, everything should be very clean and neatly arranged. Drinks should never be slopped over into the saucer; the butter should be in a small plate by itself. It is well to have the milk in a little pitcher and the sugar in a tiny bowl or cup. If only a bowl of gruel is to be offered, the bowl should be the prettiest in the house, the tray covered with a napkin, and not too much carried up at once. To see a large quantity of food is often enough to take away the appetite of an invalid entirely. Do not talk about what is to be prepared for an invalid in the sick-room. Let the meal be unexpected; it will be eaten with more relish. Never let any food stand in the chamber; remove it at once after each meal. Do not let it remain on the supposition that the invalid will perhaps take a little more after a while; it will be very certain not to be used. The same may be said about anything else used in the room. Remove it at once, and allow nothing to remain to litter up the room or create an odor.
Great attention should be paid to ventilation, as to be obliged to eat in an ill-smelling apartment would revolt the stomach of a strong and healthy person. Air thoroughly bed clothing and room. Bathe the face and hands gently before a meal. Cleanliness and fresh air will do much to improve the appetite.
Today, December 1, 2013, is the First Sunday of Advent. That also makes it the first day of the new Church Year. This day is always four Sundays before Christmas Day and the 12 Days of Christmas so its date varies from year to year.
In today’s United States culture, the weeks leading up to Christmas often have a lot more to do with commercialism and keeping our capitalist system working, seemingly to equate the joy of the season with buying and receiving gifts. As I ponder how our ancestors treated the season of Advent and Christmas I know it was quite a different experience.
The season of Advent in the Church was much like the Lenten season–a time of quiet and somber preparation. Churches and homes alike were not decorated until Christmas Eve and only then was the joy of the birth of the Christ Child into the world and into our souls celebrated. There are delightful traditions connected with Christmas from centuries back but they were not very “commercial” and limited to the 12 Days of Christmas (Dec 25 – Jan 5).
Now I, like so many of us, begin my Christmas preparation and celebration with Thanksgiving weekend–which is often also the First Sunday in Advent. I rather like it. Our church is decorated for Christmas and we are finding ways to prepare for the remembrance of Jesus’ birth with joyful anticipation. At home, I have my outdoor lights up, the Christmas decorations in their places, and Christmas music playing. It, too, seems like a lovely way to prepare for the annual celebration of the birth of our Christ. I am thinking that as long as we keep our focus on the love of God being manifested in the world, how we celebrate from generation to generation is of little consequence.
Merriman Munson, my maternal 6th great grand uncle was born on November 30, 1710. He was the son of Samuel Munson (1668 – 1741) and Mary Preston Merriman Munson. Mary was the daughter of Deacon Eliasaph Preston, the widow of Caleb Merriman who died in 1703, and the second wife of Samuel Munson, whose wife Martha Farnes Munson had died in 1707. Samuel and Mary married in March of 1708, about 14 months after Martha’s death.
Interestingly, Martha named her infant son, Merriman, after the surname of her first husband. When her son grew up, he married Esther Johnson on January 24, 1733. After her death in 1757, he married the widow Thankful Peck on January 23, 1758. Merriman distinguished himself by being one of the 18 male founders of the church at Northford, Connecticut on June 13, 1750 and was chosen to be their first deacon.
At Dr. Trumbull’s ordination in North Haven Dec 23, 1760, among the “Messengers” present was “Deacon Merriman Munson from Northford Church.” His wife Esther was received from another church 1 July 1750, and Thankful was received from the church in Wallingford. Merriman was chosen grand-juror, highway surveyor, etc. . . . From his father’s estate, he had not only lands, but (by Will) “my cloathing & my augers & chissels handsaw & turning tools & what is needful in that affare &c I give to my son merriman Munson” [sic].*
Merriman’s father, Samuel, also had given him land to help him get started in life. Merriman and his wife Esther had five children: Sarah, Esther, Samuel (known as Junior), Mamre, and Lent. He was buried in the church cemetery in Northford, where he had been a deacon for 30 years.
The tombstone inscription reads:**
In memory of Mr. Merriman Munson who departed this life Sep 9, 1782 in the 72 year of his age. He was one of the first Deacons of the Church of Christ in this Place and sustained that office for thirty years before his death.
Pro. 10.7 The memory of the just is blessed
* from The Munson Record, Vol I, page 92.
**from Find A Grave.
In the 1850 edition of Miss Beecher’s Domestic Receipt (Recipe) Book, she offered a recipe for cooking a turkey and for baking a pumpkin pie. With Thanksgiving just a day away, here are two old recipes for Thanksgiving.
To Boil a Turkey
Make a stuffing for the craw, of chopped bread and butter, cream, oysters, and the yolks of eggs. Sew it in and dredge flour over the turkey and put it to boil in cold water, with a spoonful of salt in it, and enough water to cover it well. Let it simmer for two hours and a half, or if small, less time. Skim it while boiling. It looks nicer if wrapped in a cloth dredged with flour.
Serve it with drawn butter, in which are put some oysters.
Mrs. O’s Pumpkin Pie
One quart of strained pumpkin, or squash.
Two quarts of milk, and a pint of cream.
One teaspoonful of salt, and four of ginger.
Two teaspoonfuls of pounded cinnamon.
Two teaspoonfuls of nutmeg, and two of mace.
Ten well-beaten eggs, and sugar to your taste.
Bake with a bottom crust and rim, till it is solid in the centre.
This recipe needs a cook with a bit of experience. I suspect it was cooked in a wood stove. Most women in the kitchen had a favorite pie crust recipe and knew the temperature at which to cook a pie in their stove. Miss Beecher certainly assumed a fair amount of skill in her readers.
Earlier this fall I was working on the Munson family, gathering data and writing some stories. I encountered a conundrum. Samuel Munson, my 7th great grandfather (1668 – 1741) married Martha Farnes. Martha died on January 7, 1707. Samuel then married Mary Preston on March 10, 1708. The conundrum was created by the birth of Tamar Munson on December 5, 1707.
January 7, 1707 Martha Farnes died
December 5, 1707 Tamar Munson was born
March 10, 1708 Mary Preston marries Samuel Munson
Who was the mother of Tamar? These are my Puritan ancestors. They were leaders in the community and respected among the members of the congregation. It is reasonable to exclude an out-of-wedlock conception and birth. After stewing on the matter for awhile, I recalled there was a change of calendars a few hundred years ago. The Connecticut State Library held the answer.
The full explanation is worth a read but the short version is that there had been two calendars in use in Europe and in the American colonies. In 1752, an act of the Parliament mandated that England and the its colonies all shift to using only the Gregorian calendar and that the New Year begin on January 1 instead of March 25.
Oh! The New Year at the time of Tamar Munson’s birth was March 25. Now my chart above has to be written:
March 25, 1707 New Years Day, 1707
December 5, 1707 Tamar Munson was born.
January 7, 1707 Martha Farnes died, just a month after the birth of her daughter.
March 24, 1707 The last day of the year (New Years Eve), 1707
March 25, 1708 New Years Day, 1708
March 10, 1708 Mary Preston marries Samuel Munson just two weeks before the start of the next New Year, 1709.
Based on the calendar, Martha was Tamar’s mother. Rather than dying 11 months before Tamar was born, she died just a month afterwards. It leaves me wondering if she died from complications from childbirth or maybe a difficult winter and the burden of caring for nine children in the new land.