On February 27, 1780, my 6x great-grandparents married in Rowan, North Carolina.* John McNary, was born in 1755,** the second child of Hugh McNary and Janet Logan in Basking Ridge, Morris County, in the Colony of New Jersey, USA. By the time his mother died, the family had moved to Rowen County, North Carolina. John was twelve years old at the time.
His bride, Ann Hillis, the daughter of Samuel and Ann (Luckey) Hillis, had been born in 1763, in Salisbury, Rowan County, in the North Carolina Colony.
John fought in the Revolutionary War, and then on 24 Nov 1798 was granted 200 acres in Christian County, Kentucky.*** Over the course of years, he was given 100-acre land grants three more times in 1803, 1815, and 1821.*** The couple had six children, three boys and three girls. According to the 1810 and 1820 US Census, the family also had three slaves living with them in Kentucky. By 1830, there was one “free white person-male-70 – 79”, one “free white person-female-60-69” and six slaves.****
John died at the age of 9 December 1830, at the age of 75. Ann lived almost 15 years more and passed away on 26 August, 1845 at the age of 88. Even though she lived a long life, she had the misfortune of grieving the death of her husband and four of her six children. Their daughter, Ann (my 5x great-grandmother), died in 1820 at the age of 33. Two sons, Samuel and Alexander, died in 1830; another daughter, Elizabeth, lived until she was 67, but still preceded her mother in death.
According to Find a Grave, John and Ann were buried in McNary Cemetery in Muhlenburg County, Kentucky.
*Data Source: County Court Records – FHL # 0317002 and 0500949 – 0500957.
**Ancestry.com. Web: Kentucky, Find A Grave Index, 1776-2012 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2012.Original data: Find A Grave. Find A Grave. http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi: accessed 18 January 2013.
***Kentucky Land Grants, 1782 – 1924. Ancestry.com.
PublisherOnline publication – Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 1997.Original data – Jillson, Willard Rouse. The Kentucky Land Grants. Louisville, KY, USA: Filson Club Publications, 1925.Original data: Jillson, Willard Rouse. The Kentucky Land Grants. Vo
My 3x great-grandmother, Mary Heiden Adermann, had a nephew named John Heiden. (That makes him my 1st cousin, 3x removed.) John lived from 2 August 1884 to 14 May 1956. On April 27, 1942 he registered for the Old Man’s Draft when he was 57 years old. His occupation is listed as “Tenant Farmer” for Mrs. John Richards of Lincoln, IL. Carl Aderman, my great grandfather had also been a tenant farmer in Illinois as a young married man with four children, but didn’t like working so hard just to give such a high portion of it away to the landlord for whom he worked. Carl moved on to the Upper Peninsula of Michigan to pioneer that territory and make a new farm; I wonder how likely it was John Heiden was able to move out of tenant farming–if not by age 57.
Tenant farming still occurs today, but in the late 1800s and early 1900s, it was quite common. Tenant farmers had a contract with the landlord to live in a house on the landlord’s property and to work a certain number of acres of the landlord’s farm. The tenet farmers could repay the landlord either in cash or by giving them a percentage of the crops they raised, depending on the terms of the contract.
It seems the contracts could vary, but there were some standard conventions in the tenant farming business. More valuable land was rented for more money per acre; new land in need of preparing for planting cost less to rent. Some crops could be shared by as much as 50:50 with the landlord; some would be a 33:66, landowner: tenant farmer ratio.
Tenant farmers typically brought in their own animals and oftentimes, farm implements. This is how they were distinguished from sharecroppers who usually did not bring anything of their own into the farming relationship and were able to pay by sharing with the landlord a high percentage of the crops they raised.
Finding historical information about tenant farming is fairly difficult, but Donald L. Winters has a great article about tenant farming at the turn of the century in Iowa in Agricultural History. You can read it online at https://www.jstor.org/stable/3741424?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents.
I was talking with a coworker today about how much we treasure the recipes we have from our mothers and grandmothers. It got me thinking about some of the winter “comfort foods” I enjoyed growing up. One of my favorites was Grandma Aderman’s Wild Rice Hotdish. Wild Rice is common food in northern WI and a grain which always reminds me of home. We often used ground venison when we made ours rather than ground beef or chicken. Here is a picture of Grandma, Anna Aderman, and the recipe from her old church cookbook. (A special thanks to my almost-88-year-old mother for taking the picture on her iPhone and sharing it with me via iPhoto Sharing!)
Thank you to my Guest Blogger, Cousin, and Genealogy Buddy, Kevin Hackett for this article. (By the way, his most excellent family history website is at http://ourfamilygenealogies.com/. It is a great place to get accurate, well-documented Aderman family history.) Kevin writes:
As we near Christmas, not only do we start to think about the meaning of the holiday, but also our families. As we gather together during this holiday season, not only do we talk about what the various family members are doing and what the kids are up to, but we also have our family traditions that were passed along by our forebears.
Do you have a favorite dish or desert that your parents or grandparents used to make that you have preserved the recipe and continue to make today? Do you have a tradition or special prayer you still use? If not, maybe this is the time to resurrect that old family tradition you remember from your early life.
By carrying on these traditions, we honor those family members who have passed on before us and we bring them a little closer to us during this special time. You could be surprised how it warms your heart along the way.
My great-grandmother, Floy Bates Aderman, carried with her quite a heritage. She descended from both the Blue family and the Bates family, both of which have had extensive historical research done on them. Both families were also early pioneers in the New World and helped establish this nation from its colonial/plantation beginnings.
The ancestor I am celebrating today is John Master Bates, born in 1299 in Lydd, Kent, England. John is my 20th great-grandfather. Information from that long ago is sparse, of course. The hints I have found so far suggest his wife’s name was Matilda and, in 1330, they gave birth to their son, Master John Bates (my 19th great-grandfather). I have an unusually late death date for John Master Bates–in 1394, making him 95 years old at the time of his death. I continue to search for ancient records, hoping to verify this.
Today is the anniversary of the death of one of my maternal second great-grandmothers, Martha Scott. Martha was the eighth of twelve children born to Samuel Scott and Abigail Mills. She was born on 13 September 1819 in St. Claire, Butler County, Ohio after her parents had moved there from Lycoming, Pennsylvania. Martha’s mother, Abigail, died in Ohio on 15 July, 1843 when Martha was just 23 years old. Soon after that, Martha moved with her father to Cassville in Grant County, Wisconsin. They were in Cassville on 26 November, 1844 when Samuel Scott died. Just a few weeks later, on 5 December, 1844, Martha married Henry Fralick in Cassville, Grant County, Wisconsin. The couple bore ten children, eight of whom survived to adulthood. Two sons, Jeremiah and Jerome, died in childhood. Martha died on 2 July, 1880, at the age of 60. Their farm had a Cassville address, and was owned and operated by her husband Henry. Their youngest child was about 18 years old at the time.
On this day, 2 July 1844, one of my paternal 5th great-grandfathers, Ezekiel Bates, passed away. Born on 30 Aug 1778, he was several weeks shy of his 66th birthday when he died. The family lived in the town of Cohasset in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. The Bates family had been living in Massachusetts since Ezekiel’s third great-grandfather, Clement Bates, had immigrated to Plymouth Colony (modern-day Massachusetts) from Lydd, Kent, England in 1635.
Ezekiel was the eighth of ten children born to Abner and Elizabeth (Vinal) Bates. His birth was in the midst of the American Revolutionary War, in which his father fought.
Presumably, before 1798, Ezekiel married Tabitha Dwight. The couple had two known children, Elizabeth Marietta (1798 – 1884) and Josiah Bates (1802 – 1879). Tabitha preceded her husband in death in 1837; Ezekiel passed away in Pittsfield, Berkshire, Massachusetts at the age of 66 and was buried in the Pittsfield Cemetery.
My cousin and genealogy buddy, Kevin Hackett, author of Our Family Genealogies, spent a weekend in Altamont, Illinois recently. One of the treasures (after he cleaned it up) was the gravestone for our shared ancestors, Ferdinand and Mary Heiden Adermann. Thank you, Kevin, for passing on this picture!
Today, May 24, is the anniversary of the death of my maternal 3rd great grandmother, Margaret Foster Errington Hope. She was born sometime in 1777 and died on that Saturday in 1862 at about the age of 85. The Civil War was in full force, the economy was struggling because of the war, and Margaret was living with her son, Michael, and his family on the farm in Little Grant.
Margaret was born in England in 1777 (according to her gravestone records) and married Michael Hope, Sr. on 10 July 1815 in Christ Church of Tynemouth, Northumberland, England. Their one known son, Michael William, was born 53 weeks later on 16 July 1816.
In 1846, when Margaret was 59 years old, she and Michael and their son, Michael and his family boarded a ship to travel to New Orleans. From there, they traveled up the Mississippi River and made their home in southwestern Wisconsin.
Margaret was buried next to her husband in Providence Cemetery, Bloomington, Grant County, Wisconsin.
In honor of an extended family reunion this summer, I am going to focus on the Aderman/Bates line of the family tree for the next few months. Today, I am celebrating one of my 10th great grandfathers, Clement Bates. The son of James and Mary (Martine) Bates, he was baptized on 22 January 1594 in Lydd, Shepway District, Kent, England. Presumably, he was born within a day or so of that, maybe the same day.
As an adult, according to the ship’s manifest, Clement was a tailor by profession. In 1620, he married Anna Dalrymple. To this union would be born six known surviving children.
When Clement was 40 years old, he and Anna left England to emigrate to “New England”, to the town of Hingham in the Massachusetts Bay Colony with their children. According to “Genealogy: A Journal of American Ancestry” (Volume Three, 1913):
S.G. Drake in the founders of New England, says “6 Apriles 1635, Theis p’ties imbarqued in ye Elizabeth Mr. Wm Stagg [the ship’s captain] bound for New England p’r cert from the Justices and Ministers of ye p’ish, Signed, Clement Bate 40 Ann Bate his wife 40 also five children and two servants.” In New England he acquired “my house lott contayning five acres, my planting lott, tenn acres, and my nowe dwelling house,” all in “Hingham towne.”
The five children who emigrated with their parents were James (b. 1621), Clement (b. 1623), Rachel (b. 1628), my 9th great grandfather Joseph (b. 1630), and Benjamin (b. 1632). Their youngest child, Samuel, was born in the town of Hingham in the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1638. According to the same article, Joseph was born in Lydd, England, so presumably the other English-born children were as well.
The family names on the Elizabeth’s manifest of April 1635 are also listed on the Wintrop Society page and includes the names of their two servants, Jo: Wynchester (age 19) and Jervice Gold (age 30). The abbreviation “Jo:” can mean either John or Joseph.
Clement and his family were part of The Great Migration. On the website for the study of the several thousand emigrants from England to New England, Clement is listed as one of the men who took the oath of the Freemen on March 3, 1635/36. The original oath was too restrictive for some of them, so a second oath was created and was the one in effect when Clement made his commitment:
The Oath of Freeman agreed upon at the General Court, May 14, 1634.
I, A&B, being by God’s providence an inhabitant and freeman within the jurisdiction of this common weale, do freely acknowledge myself to be subject to the government thereof, and therefore do hereby swear by the great and dreadful name of the ever-living God that I will be true and faithful to the same, and will accordingly yield assistance and support thereunto, with my person and estate, as in equity I am bound, and will also truly endeavor to maintain and preserve all the privileges and liberties thereunto, submitting myself to the wholesome laws made and established by the same. And further, that I will not plot nor practise any evil against it, nor consent to any that shall be so done, but will timely discover and reveal the same to lawful authority now here established for the speedy preventing thereof. Moreover, I do solemnly bind myself in the sight of God that when I shall be called to give my voice touching any such matter of this State, wherein Freemen are to deal, I will give my vote and suffrage as I shall in my own conscience judge best to produce and tend to the public weale of the body, without respect of persons or respect of any man. So help me God in the Lord Jesus Christ. (Source: http://winthropsociety.com/doc_freemen.php.)
Clement lived in Hingham for the rest of his life, dying on 17 September, 1671. It has been 380 years since Clement and Anna boarded the Elizabeth to come to New England. I honor them both for their courage and wherewithal to make such a grand journey and be part of establishing the new nation.
Petrus Sturmer, one of my maternal 8th great-grandfathers, has left little information about himself for his descendents to discover. I know he was born about 1633 and died before 1696. He also lived his life in Lieser, Rheinland, Prussia and was a member of the Roemisch-Katholische church in town. I have not yet found his parentage.
The church records do reveal, though, he married my 8th great-grandmother, Barbara Brixius, on 21 Feb, 1658. They had seven children; the oldest, Michael, was my 7th great-grandfather. Barbara died on 21 March 1673 and on 25 Feb 1675, Petrus married Maria Schneider in the same Catholic church. He and Maria had three children.
That’s everything I know (well, that, and the names of the children). There is much more to discover about this ancestor.
Want to try a Plumb Cake recipe?
Mix one pound currants, one drachm* nutmeg, mace and cinnamon each, a little salt, one pound citron, orange peal candied, and almonds bleach’d, 6 pounds of flour, (well dry’d) beat 21 eggs, and add with 1 quart new ale yeast, half pint of wine, 3 half pints of cream and raisins, q:s:
A drachm (or dram) is about 1/8 ounce.
Picture was found at http://www.stavelyandfitzgerald.com.
Or Molasses Gingerbread Cookies?
One table spoon cinnamon, some coriander or allspice, put to four tea spoons pearl ash, dissolved in half pint water, four pound flour, one quart molasses, four ounces butter, (if in summer, rub in the butter, if in winter, warm the butter and molasses and pour to the spiced flour,) knead well ’till stiff, the more the better, the lighter and whiter it will be; bake brisk fifteen minutes; don’t scorch; before it is put in, wash it with whites and sugar beat together.
Scald 1 pint of milk and put to 3 pints of indian meal [corn meal], and half pint of flower [sic]–bake before the fire. Or scald with milk two thirds of the indian meal, or wet two thirds with boiling water, add fat, molasses, and shortenings, work up with cold water, pretty stiff, and bake as above.
(Image of Johnny Cakes was found at whatscookingamerica.net.)
April 8, 1798 was the birth of one of my maternal 3rd great-grandmothers, Susanna Hower.* She was born in Liersberg, Germany to Joannes Hower and Susanna (Schanz) Hower and baptized the next day at Roemisch-Katholische, in Liersberg, Rheinland, Prussia.
On 6 Feb, 1821, Susanna married Joannes Barthen, also of Liersberg.** The couple had nine children–seven sons and two daughters. The fifth-born, the oldest daughter, was my second great-grandmother, Barbara Clara Barton, who immigrated to Wisconsin with some of her brothers as young adults. Susanna and Joannes’ youngest child, Frederich Wilhelm Nicholas Barthen, born 29 Jun 1840, died as a toddler on 22 Jan 1943.
Susanna died as a fairly young woman at the age of 42. The oldest of her children was 18 years old at the time of her death and the youngest, Frederick, was just 4-1/2 months old. She passed away on 14 Nov 1840 and was buried two days later in the Village Cemetery in Lieser, Germany.***
*Ancestry.com. Germany, Select Deaths and Burials, 1582-1958 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2014. Original data: Germany, Deaths and Burials, 1582-1958. Salt Lake City, Utah: FamilySearch, 2013.
**Ancestry.com. Germany, Select Marriages, 1558-1929 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2014. Original data: Germany, Marriages, 1558-1929. Salt Lake City, Utah: FamilySearch, 2013.
***Ancestry.com. Germany, Select Deaths and Burials, 1582-1958 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2014. Original data: Germany, Deaths and Burials, 1582-1958. Salt Lake City, Utah: FamilySearch, 2013.
I have written of Fredericke Bergemann Adermann previously but today we can remember her fifth and final marriage. On 09 April, 1893, she married August Laramee, a widower and father of seven grown children at the time. His youngest child, Ferdinand, was about 16 years old at the time, so may well have been still at home; the next oldest, George, was 20 years old when his father remarried.
Fredericke, born on 29 May, 1829 was 63 when she married the 64 year old August. They lived together just a few weeks short of 21 years before they died on the same day from separate causes–23 Mar 1914.
My maternal 6th -great grandfather, Stephanus Bach, was born sometime in 1684 in Filzen, Rheinland, Prussia. I have yet to find his parents’ names so Stephanus is my “dead-end” in this particular branch of the family tree.
According to Germany, Select Marriages, 1558-1929 (in German) on Ancestry.com, Stephanus married Maria Eva Henckel on Jun 8, 1716. Their first child, a daughter they named Maria Margaretha Bach, was born that same year. Joes. Henricus, Petrus, Jacobus, Josephus, and Matthias were born in later years. Son Petrus is my direct lineage 5th great-grandfather and the great-grandfather of John Sturmer, about whom I have previously written.